Relationship between Gravity and Bio-Evolution

Relationship between the power of the blood/fluid circulatory system and size of animals and plants

 I have found this matter for the first time that each animal or plant that has a stronger blood/ fluid circulatory system could have a larger bulk.


1) No circulatory system: such as nematodes, plant’s mites................................Body size is tiny.

2) Open circulatory system (Without arteries, without veins, without capillaries), such as insects, some mollusks ……………………………………………………………………………………Body size is small.

3) Semi-open circulatory system (Comprise some veins and arteries, without capillaries): such as crustaceans (crabs), some mollusks (bivalve) (Przydacznia olbrzymia) ………….. Body size is average.

4) Closed circulatory system (Comprise arteries, veins and capillaries): such as some mollusks (Octopus), Annelid worms (earthworms) and vertebrates  (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals)…………………. …………………………………………………………………...….. . Body size is large.

Zoologists put all animals in the three groups:

1) No circulatory system
2) Open circulatory system
3) Closed circulatory system

But for the first time, I use the term "semi-open circulatory system" and put the animals in four groups.

1) No circulatory system
2) Open circulatory system
3) Semi-open circulatory system
4) Closed circulatory system

 

 

Types of heart in vertebrates:

Amphibian……….…….incomplete 3-chambered heart

Reptiles………………. 3-chambered heart

Crocodiles................  incomplete 4-chambered heart 

Birds……………….…..4-chambered heart

Mammals …………..…4-chambered heart, red Cells without nucleus

Crocodiles are not a reptile. Crocodile such as birds and mammals are a separate class, which have been derived from reptiles.
Mammalian four-chambered heart from a reptile-like three-chambered heart is extension of the septum (the wall dividing the chambers, lost of the right systemic arch and the left systemic arch persists).
In birds, lost of the left systemic arch and the right systemic arch persists. 
The lineage leading to crocodiles evolved a four-chambered heart along a different pathway, keeping both systemic arches.
The earliest crocodiles were small, terrestrial, two-legged sprinters.
Deinosuchus was one of the largest prehistoric crocodiles that ever lived, as long and 10 times as heavy as the largest crocodiles alive today.  

I have found this matter for the first time that Crocodiles are not a reptile. Crocodile such as birds and mammals are a separate class, which have been derived from reptiles.

Mammalian four-chambered heart from a reptile-like three-chambered heart is extension of the septum (the wall dividing the chambers, lost of the right systemic arch and the left systemic arch persists).

In birds, lost of the left systemic arch and the right systemic arch persists.

The lineage leading to crocodiles evolved a four-chambered heart along a different pathway, keeping both systemic arches.

Zoologists putting the land vertebrates in 4 classes (amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals). But I came to the conclusion that their crocodile are a separate class. As birds and mammals, with obtaining, four-chambered heart, have been derived from the class of reptiles and create a separate class. Crocodile also, have made four-chambered hearts and create a new class and has been derived from the reptile class. Mammalian four-chambered heart from a reptile-like three-chambered heart is extension of the septum (the wall dividing the chambers, lost of the right systemic arch and the left systemic arch persists). Vice versa in birds, lost of the left systemic arch and the right systemic arch persist. The lineage leading to crocodiles evolved a four-chambered heart along a different pathway, keeping both systemic arches. We should put the land vertebrates in 5 classes (amphibians, reptiles, crocodiles, birds and mammals).

 

1.

1. Evolutive Inportance of the Circulatory System/Gravity Interaction

2. Relation Between Power of Blood/Fluid Circulatory System and  Size of Animals and  Plants

3. Why Mammals are in Different Size?

4. The relationship between the blood system and  air pressure

5. The Clues for an Increasing Gravity

6. Finding the  Relationship Between Gravity and  Evolution of Animals/Plants

7. New Hearts in the  Future

8. The Pace of Evolution and  its Relation with Continental Drift and Expanding Earth

Erice, 4-9 October 2011 Workshop